Table and its Characteristics:
A table is perceived as a two-dimensional structure composed of rows and columns. A table is also called a relation because the relational model’s creator, E. F. Codd, used the term relation as a synonym for a table. A Table is Primary Component in Relational Data Model.
The characteristics of a relational table are summarized as follows:
1. A table is perceived as a two-dimensional structure composed of rows and columns.
2. Each table row (tuple) represents a single entity occurrence within the entity set.
3. Each table column represents an attribute, and each column has a distinct name.
4. Each row/column intersection represents a single data value.
5. All values in a column must conform to the same data format.
6. Each column has a specific range of values known as the attribute domain.
7. The order of the rows and columns is immaterial to the DBMS.
8. Each table must have an attribute or a combination of attributes that uniquely identifies each row.
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